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Design & Technology

Design

Intent

Our mission is to provide students with a variety of resources and learning experiences that will enable them to enjoy and achieve.  We aim to enable students to gain and develop essential skills, to cultivate enquiring minds that will ask questions of meaning and value, to encourage students to engage in discussion and offer reasoned responses, while remaining sensitive to the opinions of others, and to develop students’ employability skills so that they can achieve now and in the future.

Introduction 

The Design and Technology department provides a programme of study to ensure all students undertake a series of Design and Make assignments and complete theory-based exercises to develop knowledge and understanding within each of the material areas. These activities are designed to develop skills in designing and making using a variety of contexts within the various material areas. We aim to encourage students to become increasingly confident and independent, able to design creatively, take constructive criticism positively in order to improve designs further, and have the knowledge and skills to make their designs become a reality.

Examples of cross-curricular links

English: Vocabulary strategy – technical vocabulary taught explicitly
Analytical writing
Mathematics: Measurements, scale, angles
Science: Characteristics of materials, electricity and circuits
Humanities: Social, historical and cultural influences on design
Geography: Environmental and sustainability lined to material properties

 

Examples of Cultural Capital entitlement from NC

  • The subject gives students a wider understanding of importance of design, and the role it plays influencing consumer behaviour, and it connection to wider cultural trends. The department also offers a range of visit to workplaces, and cultural institution such as the V & A.  

Key Stage 3

In Key Stage 3 students attend a one-hour lesson every two weeks, so students have 19 lessons over an academic year.  Students are introduced to a range of materials and processes to expand their previous knowledge and skills.

Year 7

We are currently developing the year 7 schemes of work so projects may change over the year. The ‘Bling Box’ continues to be the first project by which students are introduced to the workshop and materials. The year group studies different types of woods, both deciduous and coniferous, manmade board, and their properties. Students are encouraged to develop skills to use accuracy and work independently to solve problems throughout the project. The advantages of using CAD are introduced. After the initial project, students will work on a second, smaller project to create a prototype product, which requires design techniques and iteration.

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 

Health and safety

Workshop introduction

Marking up their projects accurately

Using a range hand tools 

Understanding the properties of wood and manmade boards

Introduction to using machines in the workshop

Research the artist Piet Mondrian. 

Design technique 

Introduction to Computer Aided Design (CAD) 

Design iteration

The importance of ‘finishing’ wood and techniques used 

Creating a prototype and the importance of developing designs in this format 

 

Year 8 

In year 8 the department builds on the students’ prior skills. Students now work using a polymer for the first project, and learn about sustainability and plastics. They use their research skills to evaluate the issues and understand the alternatives offered. Students investigate three art movements: Pop Art, Bauhaus, and Art Deco. They then design, evaluate and iterate a range of ideas to create a Thermo-plastic clock. A 3D model is used as a template to create their final piece. A range of CAD programmes are introduced.  Each term, students will be introduced to the following skills and projects:-

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3

Research art movements

Learn the skill of creating a ‘creative mind map’
 
Design presentation skills

Design development and evaluation 

Design iteration

Rendering techniques

Modelling skills

Revisit health and safety in a workshop 

Introduction to new 
machines and techniques in the workshop

Using tools and equipment to create an acrylic clock to the students design

Finishing acrylic to a high standard 

Computer Aided Design (CAD) 

Technical drawing skills

Architectural modelling 

 

Year 9

We are pleased to participate in the Victoria & Albert Museum’s Innovate national schools competition during the first term. https://www.vam.ac.uk/info/innovate Students are given a live design brief and collaborate to investigate and innovate a design to solve the brief. Following this project student’s work in wood and acrylic to make an angle-poise lamp.

Each term, students will be introduced to the following skills and projects:-

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3

Investigate the V & A design  brief.

Collaborate ideas to create a range of design ideas.

Research materials and properties.

Test materials and evaluate solutions.
  
Present finished design sheets of a final product and the journey to solve a design brief.

Development of workshop skills and instruction to new machines 

Cad 2D design 

Creating a wooden base, measuring and marking up 4 dowel joints

Reading technical drawings

Electronics 

Stakeholder research 

Design techniques using a range of materials to render design projects. 

Design iteration

Materials research 

 

 

Skill progression

Students gain confidence to work independently in the workshop with the freedom to use a range of processes such a metal work lathes, wood lathes. They can choose approximate materials and learn how to communicate design ideas, be that through modelling a prototype, design sketches or CAD work.

 

Key Stage 4

Design and Technology OCR

 https://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/gcse/design-and-technology-j310-from-2017/

Year 10

Throughout Year 10 they will cover a range of theory and work on sample non-examined assessment (NEA) projects such as bottle opener, bench design prototypes etc. In June of Year 10 they will start their NEA, choosing 1 of the 3 contexts set by the exam board; this is worth 50% of the GCSE and will be completed by February of Year 11. The exam is also worth 50% and will be taken at the end of Year 11.

Students are taught new skills and then asking them to apply these skills to a design problem. Students are encouraged to develop their drawing, CAD and CAM skills independently so as to enhance their design work.

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3

Theory

Materials and their Working Properties

Material Categories

Material Properties

Project based learning: 

Design prototyping task using a range of models to communicate design ideas. 

Theory

Designing and communication skills. 

Technical drawings. 

CAD – 2D design

Workshop skills. 

Project based learning: 

Design communication skills, researching materials to design a small product. Use of mixed materials and joining methods in the workshop environments to create a design. 

Theory

Ecological and Social Footprint

Sources and Origins

Using and Working with Materials

Stock Forms, Types and Sizes

Specialist Techniques and Processes 

Project based learning: 

Cad skills and machine processes to look at batch product of a product. 

Term 4 Term 5 Term 6

Theory 

Surface Treatments and Finishes

CNC machines – advantages and disadvantages

Rendering technics. 

CAD –Fusion360 & solid works. 

Project based learning:

Mini NEA using design iteration, modelling, research and the workshop to create a design that fits a set design brief. 

Theory

Investigation, Primary and Secondary Data

The Work of Others
Design Strategies

Communication of Design Ideas

Prototype Development

Project based learning:

Completion of mini NEA using design iteration, modelling, research and the workshop to create a design that fits a set design brief.

Theory

Selection of Materials and Components

Material Management

Introduction to the non-assessment Exam ( NEA) 

Product analysis

Market research

Project based learning:

Start exam OCR  NEA June 1st 

 

Year 11

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 

Theory 

New and Emerging Technologies

Developments in New Materials

Systems Approach to Designing

NEA coursework portfolio

Research, design , design iteration , initial ideas, stakeholder research, CAD drawings, 

Theory 

Mechanical Devices

Forces and Stresses

Scales of Production

NEA Coursework portfolio

Design iteration, Modelling, Prototype development. Primary user and materials research, CAD drawings,

Theory 

Smart materials 

Sustainability

Energy

NEA Coursework portfolio

Final prototype development. Technical specification. CAD drawings.

Term 4 Term 5 Term 6

Theory 

Environmental, Social and Economic Challenge

Selection of Materials and Components

NEA Coursework portfolio

Final prototype, evaluation, modification and primary user feedback. 

Theory 

Tolerances

Specialist Tools and Equipment

Specialist Techniques and Processes

Revision techniques. 

Consolidate learning and revision tasks for GCSE exam in June

 

Skill progression

Over the 18 months of the course student’s gain and deeper understanding of how to design and deliver a set brief. Students learn to think as a designer and develop critical thinking and analysis skills.

Key Stage 5

At KS5 OCR Product Design is offered as a natural progression from OCR Design and Technology GCSE. Product Design is focused on consumer products. Students analyse existing product in respect of materials, components, and marketability to understand their selection and uses in industrial and commercial practices of product development. Students design and investigate areas of design and manufacture developing a portfolio for their final exam presentation. Students work towards two exam papers in year 12 & 13 covering related design and manufacturing theory. Product Design (H006) focuses on consumer products and applications and their analysis in respect of:

  • Materials, components, process and their selection and uses in products and/or systems
  • The selection and use of the above in industrial commercially viable products and practices.

https://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/as-and-a-level/design-and-technology-h004-h006-h404-h406-from-2017/

Year 12

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3

Theory

Manufacturing scales

Compression

Rotation

ICT digital Technologies Injection & blow Moulding

Project based learning:

Product deconstruction, manufacturing technique, investigation of construction methods. 

Theory

Health & Safety

Legislation

CAD skills – Solidworks & 2D design 

Project based learning:

Design, model and communicate a range of designs based on a subject area. 

Theory

Surface Finishes

Quality Assurance & Quality control. 

Sketching skills 

Project based learning:

Investigate materials. Different modes of communication methods. Photoshop.   Materials investigation. Solidworks construction. 

Term 4 Term 5 Term 6

Theory

Laser and plasma cutting

Steam bending

Rendering skills

Project based learning:

Quality assurance. Quality assurance. Methods of manufacturing. Design interaction. Modelling concept ideas.

Theory

Line bending 

Ferrous/nonferrous/metal alloys

Modelling skills 

Project based learning:

Stakeholder research. Primary user needs. Modelling before sketching. Rendering techniques. Construction systems. 

Theory

Natural woods

Manmade boards

Polymers

Textiles fabrics and Fibres

NEA: investigate need in the product or architectural field. Research existing products/building. Investigate designers, art movements and architects.

 

Year 13

Term 1 Term 2 Term 3

Theory

Sheet metal forming. 

Veneering

NEA:  continue to investigate need in the product or architectural field. Research, evaluate existing products/building related to the problem. Primary user and stakeholder identified in depth. 

Theory

Die casting/sand casting

Standards ISO BSI

Steam bending

NEA: Design iteration. Materials and process investigation. Design progression. Primary user feedback 

Theory

Composite materials 

Smart materials 

NEA: Design prototypes, materials testing. CAD design. Design development. Technical specification and time line. Final prototype 

Term 4 Term 5 Term 6

Theory

Modern materials 

Structural Integrity

NEA: Testing of final prototype, evaluation, and modification and primary user final feedback. Submission 

Revision and consolidation of subject knowledge.  

 

Students build over both GCSE and A level to think as a designer investigating product design in depth. Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of aspects of the design process by applying the core knowledge, investigative skills, product analysis and iterative design to develop a deeper understanding of the subject area. They will be encouraged to make mistakes and re-design ideas for a better outcome.

Careers and progression

Qualification pathways 

The Design Technology department has responded to student requirements by broadening the offer at KS5 to include Level 3 BTEC in Engineering as well as ‘A’ level Product Design.

GCSE OCR Design and Technology progresses naturally to ‘A’ level OCR Product Design where a number of students go on to study a range of courses including Architecture, Interior Architecture, Product Design and Product Engineering.

Example of successful progressions

Three students progressed from our sixth form to reading design related degrees at university in 2019.

Examples of links to Gatsby benchmark 4 (Linking curriculum to careers) 

  • There is a strong emphasis with the Design and Technology programme linking the subject areas to careers by introducing case studies of designers and manufacturers.
  • The department enter national competitions such as ‘Innovate’ enabling the students to investigate current trends, social issues and designs.

Examples of link to Gatsby benchmark 5 (encounters with employers)

  • Opportunities to meet local businesses such as Weetabix and Tata Steel to enable the students to hear about business models and apprenticeships.
  • Visits to are organised for all year groups within the Art, Design and Technology department that include Amazon, Victoria and Albert Museum, Big Bang Fair, Riverford Organic Farm, Henry Moore Foundation.
  • We are lucky enough to have a strong links with Oundle school where students  are involved building a Green  Powered Car to race, Life drawing classes and have the opportunity to use the CAD/CAM facilities to complete design projects.

Employability skills

Collaboration, communication, creativity, resilience, presentation skills, analysis and evaluation.

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